Before Yukon First Nations regained their autonomy, the federal government regulated how they could use their country. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed the country and Yukon resources as all under their ownership.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of this land. But all Yukon cases were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).  INAC was responsible for implementing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nation groups implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them.  Unlike most other Canadian foment claims that apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations insisted that the agreements include all those they considered to be part of their nation, whether they were recognized as status Indians or not under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians founded the Yukon Indian Council (YC) to negotiate a land agreement. The two organizations and the Council merged in 1980 as the Council for Yukon Indians. In 1995, CYI was renamed the Yukon First Nations Council. Any land agreement is accompanied by a self-management agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas.
These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and outline a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for providing programs or services to its citizens.  While the framework agreement provides a framework in which each of Yukon`s 14 First Nations will reach a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nation final agreement (FNF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions applicable to the First Nation. Other provisions of the Land Claims Agreement are the removal of tax exemptions for the Yukon First Nations (effective January 1, 2001), a limitation of the hunting rights of other Aboriginal people in the traditional territory of each First Nation, etc. Yukon Country`s claims refer to the process of negotiating and executing Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. On the basis of historical occupation and exploitation, First Nations claim fundamental rights in all countries. Yukon`s first step was the negotiation and signing of a comprehensive framework called the Umbrella Final Agreement (UFU). This framework was signed in 1993 by the governments of Canada and Yukon and the Yukon Indian Council (now the Yukon Council of First Nations). The UFA then served as the basis for the final agreements signed with the various First Nations. Comprehensive land agreements – or modern contracts – are agreements that trade indefinite Aboriginal rights for defined contractual rights and the title of settlement country. After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic final agreement of the Umbrella (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the model for the negotiation of individual land agreements (called «final agreements») with each Yukon nation.
The final Umbrella Agreement (UFA) was concluded in 1988 and concluded in 1990. This is the general «Umbrella» agreement of the Yukon Landclaims package and provides for the general agreement reached by the three parties in a number of areas.